Leather is an extremely durable material made by tanning the hide or skin of animals. The skin of the animal goes through a preservation process, i.e., a natural treatment called tanning to convert the otherwise perishable skin to a long-lasting material called leather. The skin of the larger animals like horse or cow is termed as hide whereas skin of smaller creatures like sheep or goat is termed as skin. Leather mostly comes from cows as a by-product of the meat market. Here are some of the animal leathers:
Leathers are usually available in the following grades:
Leather is a soft material and hence measuring its thickness is quite difficult. The thickness of the leather is determined with a predefined area and predetermined touch pressure. It’s hard to quantify uniform impressions over the whole skin surface since leather isn’t the same in character and hence thickness dimension of the leather is regulated by national and global standards. Thus, 8 ounces thickness of leather signifies 1/8th of an inch thickness. Leather having a thickness over 1.4 mm is deemed heavy grade that is used for straps or bags.
Whenever you go to your preferred bag repair specialist whenever you have an issue with your bag, do you ever think of the wide varieties of leather there is in the market? Different leather goods are made depending upon the thickness of the leather. Find below the specified leather depth that is ideal for making different products.
Vegetable tanned leather is leather that is tanned with a natural process using natural ingredients like the bark of chestnut trees and from other tanneries which have a rich heritage of tanning hides. Vegetable tanning is an age-old procedure and is based on the extended and complex process of soaking various hides in vegetable tannin. Since plant extracts are used for the tanning process, hence the color of the finished leather has rich tones of organic browns. Vegetable tanned leather is stronger and can withstand the daily wear and tear and with proper care can last over a lifetime. This sort of leather ages well creating a natural patina as you wear it.
Presently, roughly 89% of hide and skin found in the market are chrome tanned leather that is treated using chromium salts and tanning liquors, however, it must be closely monitored to lessen environmental impact. It is a relatively new approach that has been practiced to expedite the tanning process. Tanning could be processed in as little as two weeks’ time and cost considerably less in comparison to vegetable tanning. Offered in a vast array of colors which range from black to bright pink, thereby giving good choices into the fashion industry where trends change quickly. The chrome tanned leather might fade slightly but usually shows slight color change over time. Therefore it’s excellent for making products that might be subjected to heat or humidity.